Preventing Choking and Being Prepared with Emily Blewett

Moms on Call consultant, CPR Certified instructor, NICU nurse and Mom, Emily Blewett, lists hazardous items typically found in the home at baby’s level and what foods to avoid to help prevent choking.

When your little one begins eating real food and begins to crawl (everything they find on the floor tends to go into their mouth). It is crucial to know what to do if your child begins to choke on an item.

What is choking?

Choking is when a food or non-food item gets stuck in your child’s airway and stops air from getting to the lungs.

How can I do my best to prevent choking?

When offering finger foods, keep it pea-sized and mushable. Only put 2-3 items on their tray at a time. Always supervise them during mealtime. Be aware of sneaky siblings with no harmful intent. If you have a baby + toddler, the older sibling may hand pieces of food off their plate to the baby, which could be a possible choking hazard we often do not think about.

But there is more than food that get lodged in an airway. Babies explore with all of their senses. Therefore, often we find a season where everything tends to go into baby’s mouth. It is advisable to get down at their level to see what they see while on the floor. Look under furniture, behind doors, and even feel between the couch cushions for small items.

Toys have age guidelines that take into account possible choking hazards for children. Don’t let your child play with toys that aren’t appropriate for their age. Be careful of older sibling’s toys and keep them in designated area that the younger children don’t have access to. Many choking incidents are caused when an older sibling gives a toy with a small part or big piece of food to a younger sibling.

Being informed about possible hazards for choking will help minimize that risk for your child. Below is a list of common choking hazards for babies and toddlers from

Choking Hazard Items:

  • Pieces of dog food
  • Coins
  • Balloons
  • Toys with small parts
  • Refrigerator magnets
  • Pen or marker caps
  • Small button type batteries
  • Buttons, small balls, marbles
  • Small hair bows, barrettes, rubber bands

Choking Hazard Foods:

  • Hot dogs (especially cut into coin shape)
  • Peanuts (nuts, seeds and chunks of peanut butter)
  • Whole grapes
  • Raw carrots (chunks of any raw vegetables)
  • Popcorn
  • Hard or sticky candy
  • Chewing gum
  • Cheeses or meats cut in cube pieces

Always monitor children closely and be prepared in the event of an emergency by knowing the life-saving techniques of CPR and what to do if an infant is choking versus a child choking. These techniques are different from 0-12 months old and 1-8 years old. There are life saving steps you can perform while help is on the way!

As parents, we rarely want to think about the worst case scenario. But the only thing worse than having a medical emergency on your hands is not knowing what to do when one arises. Moms on Call’s Infant and Child CPR, Choking and First Aid Online Course is now available. This online course is a great, easily accessible way for parents, grandparents, babysitters, and anyone who will be caring for your child(ren) to have an uncomplicated basic knowledge of these life saving principles. Of course, nothing replaces the deep dive that the American Heart Association or the Red Cross provide, so we also recommend hands-on in person classes at least once every two years. 

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